Nigeria has its own constitution which was established penal code of northern nigeria pdf 29 May 1999. Nigeria, while common law is a development from its post colonial independence. The Nigerian constitution recognizes courts as either Federal or State courts. Judges to federal courts, while State Governors appoint Judges to state courts.
The Federal courts are: the Supreme Court, the Court of Appeal and the Federal High Court. The State courts include: the High Court of a State, the Customary Court of Appeal of a State and the Sharia Court of Appeal of a State. However, the predominantly Muslim northern states tend to have Sharia courts rather than Customary courts. The predominantly Christian southern states tend to have Customary courts and not Sharia courts. Its courts that are equivalent to the state courts have their Judges appointed by the President and are thus federal courts. The FCT courts are: the High Court of the FCT, the Customary Court of Appeal of the FCT and the Sharia Court of Appeal of the FCT. It is based in the capital, Abuja.
The Supreme Court is headed by a Chief Justice who is assisted by other Justices. The appointment of the Chief Justice and Justices requires confirmation by the Senate. The next highest court is the Court of Appeal. The Court of Appeal is located in Abuja. The head of the Court of Appeal has the title: President of the Appeal Court. She is assisted by Justices.
Only the appointment of the President of the Appeal Court requires Senate confirmation. Just below the Federal Court of Appeal are the tier 3 courts. The Federal High Court is based in Abuja. In order to bring the administration of justice closer to the people it has a division in each of the thirty-six states of the country. It is presided over by a Chief Judge who is assisted by other Judges. FCT is the highest English law court in a state or the FCT.
FCT and the Federal High Court have similar powers. Due to the fact that there is a division of the Federal High Court in each state and that each state has its own High Court, there is usually some confusion as to which court is which. FCT and is assisted by other Judges. It is presided over by a Grand Khadi who is assisted by other Khadis.