A healthy neuron with myelin sheath around the long, thin axon. The disease makes multiple sclerosis treatment guidelines pdf’s bodies, eyesight, speech, and minds work poorly.
People with MS do not normally live as long as healthy people. In healthy people, myelin sheaths help neurons work. Electric signals in neurons move quickly through long, narrow axons like electricity in a wire. The myelin is like the insulator around the wire that keeps the signal strong by keeping it from moving out of the wire before the end. A person with MS has myelin that is too thin or completely gone. Without the protective covering, the signals between neurons do not travel well.
Because of this, the mind and body cannot work like they normally do. Research about the causes of MS is still incomplete. Chlamydia pneumoniae may cause MS. Even though scientists and doctors have theories, no one has found one cause that explains every case of the disease. Four graphs showing how the severity of MS symptoms can increase and decrease in different ways over time. Quite a few forms of MS exist, which can create difficulty in deciding how to manage the illness.
Sometimes, the body can do limited repairs to myelin. When the body attacks the myelin again, the symptoms return and this is called relapse. The type of MS that has remissions and relapses is called Remitting-Relapsing MS. In less common cases, the body continues attacking myelin and the symptoms get worse rapidly, a form called “Primary Progressive MS”. Sometimes a combination of the two types of disease can occur simultaneously.