Ibn sina canon of medicine pdf

It set the standards for medicine in Medieval Europe and the Islamic world and was used as a standard medical textbook through the 18th century in Europe. Canon” used in the sense of “law”. Islamic medicine from its beginnings. The result ibn sina canon of medicine pdf a “clear and ordered “summa” of all the medical knowledge of Ibn Sīnā’s time”.

It served as a more concise reference in contrast to Galen’s twenty volumes of medical corpus. List of medical substances, arranged alphabetically, following an essay on their general properties. Diagnosis and treatment of conditions covering multiple body parts or the entire body. The book explains the causes of health and disease. Avicenna believed that the human body cannot be restored to health unless the causes of both health and disease are determined. In other words, it is the art whereby health is concerned and the art by which it is restored after being lost.

Avicenna begins part one by dividing theoretical medicine and medical practice. Avicenna says that this cause is the human subject itself, the “members or the breath” or “the humours” indirectly. The efficient cause is broken up into two categories: The first is “Extrinsic”, or the sources external to the human body such as air or the region we live in. The second efficient cause is the “Intrinsic”, or the internal sources such as our sleep and “its opposite-the waking state”, the “different periods of life”, habits, and race. The final cause is given as “the actions or functions”. Avicenna makes it clear that he distinguishes between the “simple” element, not mixed with anything else, and what we actually experience as water or air, such as the sea or the atmosphere. The elements we experience are mixed with small amounts of other elements and are therefore not the pure elemental substances.